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Abituriyent uchun test formulalari

Abituriyent uchun test formulalari

Ingliz tili grammatikasi asosidagi oliy o’quv yurtlariga kirish imtihonlarini sabrsizlik va hayajon bilan kutayotgan abiturientlar talablarini hisobga olgan holda ingliz tilidan 36 talik kirish imtihoni test savollarida eng ko’p uchraydigan grammatik mavzularni oson o’rganish qoidalarini o’ziga hos formula ko’rinishiga keltirishga harakat qildim. Bu kichik gap formulalarini men taklif qilayotgan usulda o’rganishingiz foydadan holi bo’lmaydi.

Ingliz tili grammatikasiga oid testlarning ko’pchiligida u yoki bu grammatika mavzu asosida tuzilgan gap beriladi. Bu gapning qaysidir qismi bo’sh qoldirilib, uning o’rnini berilgan javob variantlariga asosan to’ldirish talab etiladi. Masalan, quyidagicha gap berilishi mumkin:

She is feeling sick. She’s eaten too much chocolate. If she ……, she ……. sick now.

Yuqoridagi misolda “IF”li gaplar mavzusiga oid gap berilgan. Nuqtalar o’rnini to’ldirish uchun esa albatta javob variantlari beriladi. Ammo agar Siz yuqoridagi gapda ishlatilayotgan grammatika mavzuni bilsangiz, to’g’rirog’i, ushbu maqolamiz davomida beriladigan formulalarni to’liq yodlab olsangiz, yuqoridagiga o’xshash testlarni yechish Siz uchun umuman qiyinchilik tug’dirmaydi. Ishoning, agar formulalarni yaxshi yodlab, ularning qaysi ma’noda ishlatilishini o’rganib olsangiz gaplarni to’liq tarjima qilishingiz, hattoki grammatikaning qaysi mavzusi haqida gap ketayotganligiga ahamiyat bermasangiz ham testning to’g’ri javobini topishingiz mumkin.

Formulalarni o’ziga hos qolib shaklida o’rganamiz. Biz bu formulalarda asosiy fe’l sifatida “DO” – bajarmoq, fe’lidan foydalanamiz. Esingizda bo’lsin, formulalardagi “DO” (bajarmoq) fe’li o’rnida testlarda har qanday fe’l bo’lishi mumkin. Asosiysi, Siz formulaning ma’nosini yaxshi o’rganib olishingiz kerak. Formulalar gap va tarjima-izoh shaklida beriladi. Quyida berilgan formulalarni o’zingizga qulay har qanday shaklda o’zgartirib yodlab olishingiz mumkin. Bu muhim va juda foydali formulalar quyidagilar.

  1. IF I DO, I WILL DO – AGAR BAJARSAM, SHUNDA BAJARAMAN. Bu formulaning birinchi qismida, ya’ni IF qatnashga qismida hech qachon WILL (kelasi zamon) ishlatilmaydi. Bu shart ergash gap formulasi. Masalan: If I go to London, I’ll let you know – Agar men Londonga borsam, Sizga habar beraman.
  2. WHEN I DO, I WILL DO – QACHONKI BAJARSAM, SHUNDA BAJARAMAN. Bu formula tepadagi formulaning shakl jihatidan huddi o’zi, ammo bitta farqi – bu payt ergash gap. Masalan: When I go to the shop, I’ll buy a paper – Qachonki men do’konga borsam, shunda gazeta sotib olaman.
  3. IF I DID, I WOULD DO – AGAR BAJARGANIMDA EDI, HOZIR BAJARGAN BO’LARDIM. Noreal gap formulasi. Bu gapda aytilayotgan fikr aslida mavjud bo’lmaydi, yoki bajarilmaydi. Masalan: If I had a car, I would drive it to work – Agar mashinam bo’lganda edi, hozir uni ishga haydab borardim (aslida hozir mashinam yo’q).
  4. IF I HAD DONE, I WOULD HAVE DONE – AGAR BAJARGANIMDA EDI, BAJARA OLGAN BO’LARDIM. Bu gap o’tib ketgan, bajarilmagan ish-harakatlarga nisbatan ishlatiladi. Bunday ish-harakatlarni takrorlash, ortga qaytarish yoki qaytarishning iloji bo’lmaydi. Masalan: If I had met you in London, I would have given you my address – Agar Sizni Londonda uchratganimda edi (o’sha vaqti, o’tgan zamonda), Sizga manzilimni bergan bo’lar edim (o’sha vaqti, o’tgan zamonda) (lekin afsuski Sizni u yerda uchratmadim va hozir Londondan qaytib kelganman. Endi vaqtni orqaga qaytarib Londonga o’sha vaziyatda qaytib borishning imkoni yo’q.).
  5. IF I HAD DONE, I WOULD DO – AGAR BAJARGANIMDA EDI, HOZIR BAJARA OLGAN BO’LAR EDIM. Endi bu formulaning ikki qismi bor: birinchi qismi (had done) o’tgan zamondagi o’tib ketgan, ortga qaytarib bo’lsam ish-harakatni ifodalaydi; gapning ikkinchi qismi esa hozirgi zamonda sodir etiladigan yoki sodir etilishi kutilgan ish-harakatni ifodalaydi. Masalan: If I had learned to swim in my childhood, I would go to the lake with you – Agar bolaligimda suzishni o’rganganimda edi, hozir Siz bilan ko’lga borgan bo’lar edim.
  6. I WISH I HAD DONE – QANI EDI BAJARGANIMDA EDI. Bu formula yuqoridagi 3-formula ma’nosini berib, formulaning faqat birinchi qismini ifodalaydi, ya’ni o’tib ketgan ish harakatni afsus bilan eslashni nazarda tutadi. Masalan: I’m exhausted. I wish I had stayed at home – Men juda charchaganman. Qani edi uyda qolgan bo’lganimda edi (lekin aslida hozir uyda emasman va menda tanlov bo’lgan vaqtida afsuski uyda qolishni tanlamagan edim).
  7. I WISH IT WOULD DO – QANI EDI U BAJARSA EDI. Bunda so’zlovchi yuqoridagi formulalarda farqli ravishda o’zining emas, balki boshqa biror kishining, kimningdir biror ishni bajarishini xohlaydi. Masalan: The music next door is very loud I wish they would turn it down – Keyingi xonadagi musiqa juda baland. Qani edi ular uni pastroq qilsa edi.
  8. IF I WERE YOU I WOULD DO – AGAR MEN SIZNING O’RNINGIZDA BO’LGANIMDA EDI MEN BAJARGAN BO’LARDIM. Bunda so’zlovchi kimningdir o’rnida bo’lganida, yoki shunday holatda bo’lganida nima ish-harakatni bajargan bo’lishi haqida gapiradi. Masalan: If I were you, I would go home – Agar Sizning o’rningizda bo’lganimda, men uyga ketgan bo’lardim.
  9. SEE SOMEBODY DO – KIMNINGDIR NIMADIR QILGANINI KO’RISH. Bunda kimdir boshqa biror kishining biror ishni qilganini ko’radi. Bu formulada bajarilgan ish-harakatni boshidan oxirigacha ko’rganlik nazarda tutiladi. Masalan: I saw her get into the car – Men uning mashinaga o’tirganligini ko’rdim (ishni boshidan oxirigacha, ya’ni, u mashinaga yaqin kelgandan boshlab uning mashinaga to’liq o’tirib eshikni yopganigacha ko’rdim).
  10. SEE SOMEBODY DOING – KIMNINGDIR NIMADIR QILAYOTGANLIGINI KO’RISH. Yuqoridagi formula mazmunini o’zi, faqat bunda bajarilgan ish harakatni boshidan oxirigacha emas, balki o’rtasida, ish-harakat bajarilayotgan vaqtda ko’rish nazarda tutiladi. Masalan: I saw her waiting for the bus – Men uning avtobus kutayotganini ko’rdim (qachon kutib boshlaganini ko’rmadim, qachongacha kutib avtobusga o’tirib ketganini ko’rmadim, ammo uning avtobusni kutayotganini ko’rdim, ish-harakatning o’rtasida, davom etib turgan vaqtida ko’rdim).
  11. HAVE SOMETHING DONE – BIROR ISHNI QILDIRISH. Bu formuladagi gaplarda biror ishni o’zi bajarmasdan kimgadir bajartirish nazarda tutiladi. Masalan: I had my shoes cleaned – Men tuflimni tozalattirdim (o’zim tozalamadim, kimnidir yollab, unga tozalatdim).
  12. THE MORE… THE BETTER… – QANCHALIK … BO’LSA, SHUNCHALIK … BO’LADI. Qo’sh-qiyos. Bunda aniq artikl bilan ikkita qiyosiy darajadagi fe’l ishlatiladi. Masalan: The more you read, the better you understand the matter – Qanchalik ko’p o’qisang, masalani shunchalik yaxshiroq tushunasan.
  13. GET/HAVE SOMEBODY TO DO SOMETHING – KIMNIDIR BIROR ISHNI QILISHGA MAJBUR QILISH. Bu yuqoridagi 11-formulamiz ma’nosini beradi, faqat bu formulada ish-harakatni kimga qildirganligi alohida ta’kidlanib, muhim hisoblanadi. Formuladan ko’rinib turibdiki, GET yoki HAVE yordamchi fe’llari bir hil ishlatilishi mumkin. Masalan: I got Tom to clean my shoes – Men Tomni tuflimni tozalashga majbur qildim.

Testlarni oson yechish bo’yicha ko’proq tavsiyalarni boshqa maqolalarimizdan topishingiz mumkin. Yuqoridagi formulalarimizga qo’shimcha qilmoqchi bo’lgan tushunchalaringiz mavjud bo’lsa, ularni biz bilan o’rtoqlashing. Yuqoridagi mavzuni birgalikda mukammallashtiraylik!

Abituriyent uchun test formulalari” maqolasida 121 fikr

  1. Salohiddin

    testni yechish jarayonida yo’l qo’ygan xatolarimdan biri quydagicha:
    1. …..of his books was made into a movie, and ……… others have been best-sellers.
    A) some/any B) either/each C) one/several D) a few/many

    2. The hotel was awful; it had …….. hot water ………. heating, and we were in the middle of harsh winter.
    A) either/or B) neither/nor C) both/and D) not only/as well

    3. The lecture was ……….. interesting……… the time passed remarkably quicly.
    A) as/as B) much/so C) so/that D) more/than

    kabi testlarni yechishda xatolarim takrorlanmoqda, iltimos quydagi keltirgan testlarimni muvaffaqiyatli yechishda menga o’z maslahatingizni ayamasangiz.

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Yuqorida keltirib o’tgan testlaringizda qaysi javobni tanlaganingizni ko’rsatmagan ekansiz. Shundan kelib chiqqan holda bu testlarni yechish borasida Sizga umumiy yo’nalish zarur ekanligini angladim. Shunday bo’lsa-da testlarning to’g’ri javoblarini aytib o’tmoqchiman: 1-C, 2-B, 3-C. Tahminimcha bu testlar Abituriyent gazetasi testlaridan olingan.
      Bu testlar bitta mavzuga oid emas, qolaversa bu testlardagi mavzularni bitta gap bilan tushuntirish qiyin. Shuning uchun Sizning so’rovingizni inobatga olgan holda saytning Grammatik Mavzular bo’limida aynan Siz so’ragan va yuqoridagi testlarni to’g’ri yechish uchun bilishingiz kerak bo’lgan mavzularni alohida-alohida yoritishga harakat qilaman. Saytni kuzatib boring, bu mavzularni albatta tushuntirib o’taman.

    2. Salohiddin

      katta rahmat. to’gri, bu testlarni abituriyent gazetasidan oldim, shunga o’xshash savollarda ko’p ikkilanmoqdaman, natijada xatolikka yo’l qoývomman. saytdagi yangiliklarni muntazam kuzatib boraman, va ishonaman xatolarimga tezda javob topaman, yana bir bor katta rahmat

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Afsuski harflardan boshlash darajasidagi sodda mavzular saytda yo’q. Men ingliz tili grammatikasining eng qiyin va muammoli mavzulariga ko’proq to’xtalishga harakat qilganman. Ingliz tilidagi harflar haqida boshlang’ich o’rganuvchilarga mo’ljallangan kitoblardan bilib olishingiz mumkin!

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Ularni quyidagicha farqlashingiz mumkin, ammo yodingizda bo’lsin, bu barcha holatlarga to’g’ri keladigan qat’iy qoida emas: SO+natija (gap) – I have a lot of money, so I don’t have to work (Mening ko’p pulim bor, shuning uchun ishlashim shart emas). SUCH+ot (sabab, …sifat+ot) – He has such a fast car, that he always wins races – Uning shunchalik tez mashinasi borki, u barcha poygalarda g’olib chiqadi.
      Agar hali ham to’liq tushunarli bo’lmasa yana yozing, kengroq tushuntirishga harakat qilaman.

  2. muhayyo

    test master kitobida quyidagicha test bor ekan: their house is…. mess. I don’t know how they live in it.
    a) so b) such an c) so many d) such a
    2) Jane and Pete are… nice people. But I can’t stand their kids.
    a) so many b) so c) such a d) such orqadagi javob bo’yicha to’g’risi 2 sida ham ”d” ekan. men ko’proq ‘so’ to’g’ri keladi deb o’ylagan edim. qanday farqlash mumkin.
    javob uchun oldindan rahmat.

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Yuqoridagi ikkita testda ham nuqtalardan keyin ot kelayapti: mess va people. SO dan keyin sifat ishlatiladi, ot emas, SUCH dan keyin esa sifat+ot ishlatiladi. Agar birinchi testda nuqtalardan keyin “messy” sifati bo’lganda va ikkinchi testda “people” oti bo’lmasdan faqat “nice” bo’lganda Siz aytgandek SO to’g’ri kelgan bo’lar edi.
      Demak, farqlash uchun shunday tushunchani yodda tuting: SO+sifat va SUCH+sifat+ot. Bundan kelib chiqadiki, SUCH dan keyin har doim ot kelishi shart!
      Savol berishdan to’xtamang!

  3. muhayyo

    javob uchun katta rahmat. yana savolim bor edi; don’t wait for me. I …. late . it depends on the traffic.
    a) will be b) am c) might be d)am going to be
    2) kate wants to be a politician. who knows ? one day she … prime minister. a) is going to be b) will be c) might be d) is
    3) what are you doing tonight? i don’t know. i … out, or i … at home. a) will go / am staying b) might be / might stay c) am going / am staying d) go/ stay

    orqasidagi javob bo’yicha hamma javobda ‘might’ 1c, 2c, 3b to’g’ri . oldin testlarda bunaqasiga duch kelmagan ekanman. iltimos shu haqida tushuntirsangiz.

    /

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      MIGHT ehtimollikka nisbatan ishlatiladi, aytilayotgan ish-harakatning ehtimol bajarilishi mumkinligini ifodalaydi. MIGHT modal fe’li zamon va ma’nosini saqlagan holda MAY o’rnida ishlatilishi mumkin. MIGHT=MAY

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Savolingizni aniqroq bering, chunki bu holat uchun qat’iy qoida yo’q.

  4. muhayyo

    ustozim hope dan so’ng doim hozirgi zamon wonderdan so’ng esa kelasi deb aytgan edi. lekin kitoblarda boshqa hollgarga ham duch keldim.

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Ustozingiz aytganidek “doim” emas. Masalan, “I hope you will have a great time in USA” = “I hope have a great time in USA”. To’g’ri, bu gaplarning ikkinchisi eng ko’p ishlatiladi, lekin ikkalasi ham grammatik jihatdan to’g’ri hamda ingliz tilini birinchi til sifatida gapiruvchilar tomonidan keng foydalaniladi. Hope fe’lidan keying kelasi zamon kelishi ham mumkin, masalan: “I hope we’ll meet again” – “Umid qilamanki, biz yana uchrashamiz”.
      Bunaqa fe’llardan keyin kelasi zamon yoki hozirgi zamonning ishlatilishi to’liq fikringizning qaysi zamonga ta’luqli bo’layotganligiga bog’liq.

  5. muhayyo

    tushundim rahmat. ya’na so’ramoqchi edim.
    1. i want to get home…. Jim comes back.
    a) if b) before c) untill d) when
    2. i’m going to have driving lessons…. i pass my test.
    a) before b) when c) if d) untill
    3. i can’t understand the instructions. they’re … chinese
    a)by b)at c)in d)for

    Javob berish

  6. Furqat

    I shall have been helping for a month when you come
    shu gapni *passive* da korsating.yani passive zamonda shakli qanday boladi

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      They will have been being helped for a month when you come. Zamonlarning to’liq jadvalini mana bu yerda ko’rishingiz mumkin.

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Inkor shaklidagi TO BE fe’lining shakli egandan oldinga o’tkaziladi

  7. muhayyo

    iltimos test masterdagi ushbu matnli testda yordam bersangiz. javoblari orqasidagidan farq qilyabti:

    concorde, the world’s fastest passenger plane, …1.. by france and britain together. in the 1950s, both countries dreamed of having a supersonic plane, and the project..2.. in 1962. 1.5 billion..3.. on developing the concorde, and it ….4…. for over 5000 hours , which makes it the most tested plane in history. the first passenger plane..5… by british airways and air france in 1967. the concorde holds many world records, including the fastest crossing of the atlantic ocean from new york to london, which …..6… in 2 hours 45 seconds. flying at twice the speed of sound means that flying time..7.. by half, which is i why the concorde flight between london and new york..8… a lot by business people and film stars- you can live britain at 10.30 and arrive in new york an hour earlier.

    1 a)developed b) have been developed c) was developed
    2 a) was started b) started c) have been started
    3 a)spent b) was spent c) haVE been spent
    4 a) tested b) has tested c) have been tested d) was tested
    5 a) introduce b) was introduced c) has been introduced
    6 a)achieved b) have been achieved c) was achieved
    7 a) is reduced b) has reduced c) was reduced d) will be reduced
    8 a) used b) had been used c) is used

    2) – jane told me you have a place at university.
    – that’s right. i … math at st. Andrews in Scotland.
    a) studied b) will study c) study d) am going to study

    3) … you are the first person up in the morning make me up a cup of coffe.
    a) when b) while c) if d)as soon as

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      1-C, 2-A, 3-B, 4-D, 5-B, 6-C, 7-C, 8-D.
      Keyingi yozilgan ikkita test javoblari:
      2-D, 3-C
      Ba’zi xatolarni yozilishda noto’g’ri yozilgan, deb hisoblab e’tiborga olmadim.

  8. muhayyo

    englishclubpro.com saytida ushbu testga tushunmadim. ushbu gapni tarjimasi qanday bo’ladi.
    What I like more than anything else ___________________ on Sunday mornings.

    waking up late

    to wake up late

    is waking up late

    is wake up late

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      What I like more than anything else is waking up late on Sunday mornings – Hamma narsadan ham eng ko’proq yoqtirganim yakshanba kunlari ertalab kech uyg’onishdir. 😀

  9. timur

    iltimos quyidagi testlarda yordam bersangiz:
    1)… will tell you that two and 2 is four.
    a) someone b) anyone c) no one d) nothing

    2)what is that smell ? can you smell …. burning?
    a) something b)anything c) nothing d) everything
    fikrimcha 2-sida so’roq gap bo’lgani u-n b javob bo’lishi kerak. kitob orqasida esa a ni bergan.

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      1-b, 2-a. Ikkinchi savolda javobning “something” bo’lishiga sabab, gapdagi so’zlovchi nimadir kuyayotganiga to’liq ishonch hosil qilgan holda gapirayapti va “something” so’zi o’sha kuyayotgan “nimadir” ma’nosini anglatayapti. Asosiy e’tibor “Can you smell?” qismida, agar “Nima kuyayapti?” demoqchi bo’lishganda edi, unda Siz aytganingizdek, qoida asosida so’roq gap bo’lishiga qarab “anything” javobi to’g’ri bo’lardi.

  10. Nina

    1 – avgust kuni imtihondan chiqib sizdan surashmaganmi aniqlik kiritish uchun bazi savollarga javob ? javobiz uchun oldindan rahmat

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Bunday holat ko’p bo’lgan, misol uchun o’zim tayyorlagan o’quvchilarim imtihondan chiqishganidan so’ng o’zlari uchun qiyin tuyulgan va eslab qolishgan ba’zi savollarni mendan so’rashgan. Ba’zi testlar juda chalkash tuyuladi, hatto testdagi savolning to’g’ri javobi keltirilmagandek bo’lib ko’rinadi. Bunday holat ko’pchilik abituriyentlarda bo’lgan, menimcha.

  11. Nina

    Salom . Sizga bir savol bilan yuzlanmoqchiman . mustaqil ingliz tilini o’rganuvchilar uchun qanday maslahat berasiz ? onlayn o’rgatuvchi saytlar ham bormi ? oldindan kattakon rahmat

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      “Online o’rgatadigan” deganda, agar Siz ingliz tili grammatikasiga oid kitoblar yoki ma’ruza matnlarini yuklab olishni, grammatikaga oid maqolalarni o’qishni nazarda tutayotgan bo’lsangiz, bunday saytlar ko’p. O’zbeki tilidagi shu turdagi saytlar ham talaygina. Ammo ingliz tili grammatikasini online tizimda o’rgatadigan saytlarni so’rayotgan bo’lsangiz, hozircha o’zbek tilidagi saytlar ichida bunday saytni uchratganim yo’q. O’zimning saytim ham hozircha faqat maqolalar va video darslar bilan cheklanib turibdi. Ingliz tilini aktiv o’rgatadigan va online tizimida bo’lgan saytlar rus yoki ingliz tillarida ko’plab topilishi ehtimoldan holi emas, ammo ularning bepul bo’lganlari juda kam, fikrimcha. Men yaqin kelajakda yangi loyiha haqida o’ylayapman. Agar g’oyamni amalga oshira olsam, yaqin orada saytim orqali online jonli darslarni tashkil qila olaman. Bunda istagan o’rganuvchi saytda e’lon qilingan ma’lum bir vaqtda saytga kiradi va naushnik/mikrofon orqali men bilan jonli muloqotga kirishib savol-javob yoki ma’lum grammatik mavzuga oid darsda internet orqali qatnashish imkoniyatiga ega bo’ladi. Bu g’oyamni amalga oshirish yo’lida harakat qilayapman. Sizga ingliz tilini online o’rgatadigan sayt kerak bo’lsa, saytimni kuzatib boring. Umid qilamanki, kelajakda saytim orqali yanada ko’proq ilm istovchi yaxshi odamlarga bundan ham ko’proq foydam tegadi.

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Yo’q, shart emas. Faqat ishlab topgan pulingizning chekini naqd pulga aylantirish uchungina bankka borishingiz kerak bo’ladi.

  12. Paraxat

    Siz hammaga qolidan kelingizdan kelgancha yordam berishni xoxlar ekensiz iltimos ingliz tilini urganishni nimadan boshlasam boladi?

    Javob berish

  13. Kevin

    Hurmatli Azamat Xodjakov men bergan 1 savolda grammatik tomondan tugri lekin tarjima notugri, qo’lma qo’l emas, ”birga” degani

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Bilimimni sinab ko’rish uchun javobini o’zingiz yaxshi bilgan savolni menga berganingizdan xursandman! Fikringizga qo’shilaman! O’rganishimga yordam berishda davom eting!

  14. Kevin

    yana bitta savolim bor, i’mma fight degan gapda i’mma degani hech javobini topolmadim,agar bilsangiz ozgina malumot berishingizmi iltimos qilgan bulardim,oldindan raxmat!:)

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      I’mma = I am to
      (kelishilgan ish harakatga nisbatan ishlatiladi).
      Bu savolning javobini ham o’zingiz bilasiz, menimcha. Sinovdan o’tdimmi? 😉

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      ular uchun maktab darsliklari bor-ku! http://www.kitob.uz saytiga kirsangiz barcha sinflar uchun turli fanlardan maktab darsliklarining elektron variantlari bor.

  15. mohinur

    Assalomu alaykum, mana shu testni yechishga yordam bering, yechilish usulini ham tushintiring, iltimos Let me see them … . I want to say good-bye to them.
    up

    of

    off

    to

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      SEE OFF – kuzatib qo’yish, biror joyga ketayotgan kishi bilan xayrlashish uchun chiqish.
      Bu turdagi testlarni yechish uchun Siz ko’proq iboraviy fe’llarni yodlashingiz, ingliz tilida eng ko’p ishlatiladigan idiomalardan xabardor bo’lishingiz kerak.

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Ingliz tili grammatikasiga oid kitoblardan. Muhammad G’afforovning “Ingliz tili grammatikasi” kitobini tavsiya etaman, juda yaxshi kitob!

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Saytga joylay olmayman, lekin sotuvda bu kitobni topishingiz mumkin.

  16. mohinur

    Shu testni ham tushuntirib bering, iltimos

    First you take the photos and sort them into categories.Then you … them according to subject

    filed

    file

    have filed

    are filing

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      FILE – ot va fe’l bo’lib ishlatilishi mumkin. Ot bo’lganda “fayl papka” deb tarjima qilamiz, fe’l bo’lib kelganda esa “fayl papkaga tahlash/joylashtirish” degan ma’noni anglatadi. Bu test javobi ham FILE bo’ladi. Gap tarjimasi: “Birinchi Siz rasmlarni olib bo’limlarga ajratib chiqasiz. Keyin ularni mavzusiga qarab fayl papkaga joylashtirasiz”.

  17. shahrizoda

    ingliz tilida ba’zi fe’llar predlog olsa ma’nosi o’zgarib ketadi ularning ro’yxatini va tarjimasini olishga yordam berolmaysizmi?

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Men Siz so’ragan fe’llarni audio-lug’at shaklida o’rganuvchilarga taqdim etishni rejalashtirganman. Saytni kuzatib boring.

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Savol-javob bo’limi ko’p resurs talab qilganligi sababli butunlay o’chirildi. Kelajakda yangi usul tashkil qilinguniga qadar avvalgidek comment orqali savollaringizni yo’llashingiz mumkin. Noqulayliklar uchun uzr so’rayman.

  18. m.......

    1.i learnt about it … an email from my boss.
    a) in b) by c) on d) at
    2…. his anger at having been wrongly accused, peterson behaved honourably throughout the trial. a) although b) becouse of c) despite d) however
    3.i think we should go to india while we have the opportunity, …?
    a) don’t i b) shouldn’t we c) don’t we
    4.you should never leave your flat without identification , …. the police stop you and ask for it .
    a) even though b) in case d) in order that
    5. i didn’t believe him when he said that it was hailing in june, so i went out on the balcony to see for….
    a) myself b)mine c) me b)himself
    On international airlines , there always …. a pilot and a co-pilot and each knows the other’s job. so, in the event that either falls ill during the flight, ….. is qualified to land the plane safely.
    6. a) either b) neither c) both
    7. a) another b) others c) the other d) the others

    Javob berish

  19. m.......

    1-sida artikl bo’lmasa ‘by’ bo’ladimi?
    shularni ham ko’ring, iltimos.
    1.EVERYBODY had agreed to do something… at the weekend, but nobody could come up with an acceptable suggestion about what to do.
    a) differently b) difference c) differ d) different
    gazetada javobini ‘d’ qilibdi. fe’ldan so’ng ravish keladi deb ‘a’ javobni olgandim.

    2.Hardly had we finished eating when they … they… which we found extremely rude.
    a) have said/ are leaving
    b) were saying/had left
    c)had said/ left
    d)said/were leaving

    hardly had oldinda kelganda qanday ma’no anglatadi? Shu gapning tarjimasi qanday bo’ladi?

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Shunday, by ishlatilgan holatda “elektron pochta tizimi orqali” degan ma’no anglatiladi.
      1-D, 2-D. Ma’no o’zgarmaydi. Ovqatlanishni tugatishga ulgurmagandik hamki, ular ketmoqchi bo’lishganini aytdi, qaysiki juda qo’pol edi.

  20. m.......

    Although he appears to be fluent in English, his sentences are full of grammatical…
    a) errors b) faults c) mistakes
    gazetadagi javobda error ni bergan. LEKIN GRAMMATICAL MISTAKE DEGAN BIRIKMANI HAM UCHRATDIM. FARQI BORMI?

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Aslida ERROR va MISTAKE bir hil ma’noni anglatishi mumkin. Ammo error ko’proq aniq javob talab qiladigan joylarda xatoga yo’l qo’yish, masalan, grammatikada, matematik misolda xato qilish ma’nosida ishlatiladi. Mistake esa keng qamrovli ma’noda xato qilishga nisbatan. Masalan, yoqimsiz natija olib keladigan xatoga yo’l qo’yish. Bu test javobi ERRORS bo’ladi, chunki aniq javob talab qilanadigan joyda xato qilish ma’nosi anglatilgan.

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Regret (afsuslanmoq) fe’lidan keyin TO ham ING ham kelishi mumkin. Bunda ish-harakat sodir etilishidan oldin afsuslandimi, yoki hali ish-harakat sodir etilmasdan turib afsuslandimi – shunga e’tibor beriladi. Faqat regret emas, boshqa fe’llarda ham shunday holat bo’lishi mumkin. Yaxshiroq tushunib olish uchun mana bu yerga bosib, maqolani o’qib chiqing.

  21. Gulsara

    Salom Siz Salohiddin deganning quyidagi savoliga c javobini to’g’ri varyant deb ko’rsatkan ekensiz. Men ham abutiriyentman o’qishga tayorlanyapman bizga ustozimiz har doim “that” dan keyin sentence yuradi deb o’rgatkanndi menimcha d javobi to’g’ri bo’lsa kerak javobingiz uchin oldindan rahmat.

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Muhokamalarni kuzatib borayotganligingiz uchun raxmat. “The lecture was ……….. interesting……… the time passed remarkably quickly.” Bu yerda men “so/that” degan javobni to’g’ri deb ko’rsatganman. Sizning fikringizcha “that”dan keyin sentence, gap kelishi kerak. Ustozingiz to’g’ri aytgan ekanlar, bu gapda ham, agar e’tibor bersangiz “that”dan keyin gap, sentence ishlatilgan: “…that the time passed…” (“that+ega+fe’l…”). Siz tavsiya qilgan D javob esa to’g’ri kelmaydi. Saytni kuzatishda davom eting. E’tibor bilan testlarni o’qiyotganligingiz uchun raxmat!

  22. Salohiddin

    Quyidagivtestni yechishda ko’magingiz kerak:

    Children looked bored but they … The story was very boring indeed.

    A. heard B. Noticed C. detected D. Listened

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Children looked very bored but they listened. (Bolalar juda zerikkan ko’ringandi, ammo ular tinglashdi). The story was very boring indeed. (Hikoya haqiqatdan ham juda zerikarli edi).

  23. Gulsara

    Javobiz uchin katta rahmat. Yana savolim bor edi:
    He’s afraid he can’t answer all my questions … so little of the country.
    a. having seen b.saw c seeing d to see
    Bu yerda javobni nimaga qarab aniqlashni tushinmadim. Javobiz uchin oldindan rahmat

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Iltimos, savollarni maxsus savol-javob bo’limiga yozing.
      U mening barcha savollarimga javob bera olmasligidan qo’rqadi … mamlakatning shunchalik kam joyini.
      Tarjimadan ko’rinib turibdiki, u mamlakatning kam joyini ko’rgan, shuning uchun javob bera olmasligidan qo’rqayapti. Demak, natija – uning qo’rqayotganligi hozirgi zamonda, ko’rmaganligi esa o’tgan zamonda. O’tgan zamonda bajarilib, natijasi hozir ko’rinib turgan ish-harakat hozirgi tugallangan zamonda ifodalanadi. Javob A. “-ing clauses” mavzusini o’qing.

  24. Saidova Nafosat

    Salom Azamat aka.Man bu saytga endi kiryapman.Lekin rostanam ancha narsa bor ekan.Bizga berayotgan yordamiz uchun kattakon raxmat.Sizdaqa insonlar ko’paysin

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      Coffee umumiylik ma’nosidagi birlikda ishlatilayotgan ot bo’lganligi sababli.

  25. Nizomidddin

    1 Everybody … ready, … they ?
    a) is/isn’t b)are/are
    c)is/aren’t d)are/are
    2 There … a lot of news in the foreign papers
    a)are b)were c) have been d) was
    3 They … the experiment three times now with various results each time
    a)did b)have been doing c)have done d)are doing
    4 These jeans are too … you need a smaller size
    a)lose b)lost c)loose d) loosing

    iltimos tushintirib keting. oldindan javob u.n Rahmat

    Javob berish

    1. Azamat Xodjakov

      1-C, 2-D, 3-B (now), 4-C.
      Iltimos, savollarni saytning maxsus Savol-Javob bo’limida yozing. Rahmat.

    2. Azamat Xodjakov

      Yangiliklar (news) sanalmaydigan ot bo’lganligi sababli faqat birlikda ishlatiladi.

  26. SHAXBOZ

    RAHMAT YANA BIZ SAVOLIM BOR EDI. DIRECT VA INDERECTDA JAVOBLARI UCHUN BIR XIL VARIANT QO’YILADI QAYSISI MAQUL MISOL UCHUN I DO-SO I AM, I DON’T EITHER-NEITHER I DO

    Javob berish

  27. Timur

    Assalom alaykum! “If I had met you in London I would have gave my adress”gapida “gave”o’rnida “give”ni “given”shakli qo’llanadi shekilli?!

    Javob berish

  28. Timur

    Assalom alaykum Azamat aka,dtm testlaridagi mantiqiy tekstlarni tez va muvaffaqiyatli yechishda asosan qaysi jihatlarga e’tibor qaratish kerak? It will be nice, if you answer completely. Thanks in advance for your answer!

    Javob berish

  29. MUSLIMJON

    Assalomu alaykum Azamat aka sizga savolim shuki,kirish imtihoni testlari 36ta db yozib qoyilgan ammo ularning atigi 13tasini sahifaga joylagansiz qolganlariniyam ham joylashtira olasizmi agar IMKONI bosa albatta, javob uchun oldindan RAXMAT

    Javob berish

    1. Yusuf

      Salon.Azamat aka ingliz tili formulalari kitobchasi szda bormi yana ham koprogi. Rahmat

  30. Akbar Ali

    Assalomu alaykum . Azamat aka sizni ilm o’rgatish yo’lidagi ishlaringizga Alloh rivoj bersin.Hudo hohlasa madrasaga 13- iyul kuni imtihon bo’ladi.Birinchi blog ingliz tili.Siz maqolangizda Abituriyent uchun test formulalarini ishlab chiqqan ekansiz.Bu formulalardan testlarni yechishda qanday foydalanishni bilmayapman.Bu formulalar orqali testlar qanday yechiladi shunga misol va oydinlik kiritib bersangiz ILTIMOS!!! Alloh roziligi yo’lida yordam bering.Javobingizni tez fursatda kutaman.Umid qilamanki siz ko’rsatgan yo’l menga katta yordam beradi INSHAALLOH.Javobingiz uchun oldindan rahmat.

    Javob berish

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